Process Control and Instrumentation Quiz 5

1 / 50

**The second order system with the transfer function 4/(s2 + 2s + 4) has a damping ratio of _____?**

2 / 50

**Time constant is the ___________?**

3 / 50

**Thermistor, which has high temperature co-efficient of resistivity, is used as the sensing element in resistance thermometer. It is a/an ?**

4 / 50

**The root locus method, a pole of a transfer function G(s) is the value of s for which G(s) approaches _____?**

5 / 50

**The offset introduced by proportional controller with gain Kc in response of first order system can be reduced by ______?**

6 / 50

**Thermocouple is suitable for measuring__________?**

7 / 50

**The transfer function for an ideal proportional plus reset controller (reset time T) is________?**

8 / 50

**Thermal conductivity measurement is used for the determination of_________?**

9 / 50

**What is the Laplace transform of impulse input having magnitude ?X? ?**

10 / 50

**The transfer function of a first order system is_______?**

11 / 50

**The unit step response of the transfer function (2s ? 1)/[(3s + 1) (4s + 1)] reaches its final steady state asymptotically after ______?**

12 / 50

**Thermal well made of ______ gives the fastest speed of response, while measuring temperature by thermocouples?**

13 / 50

**The thermal emf-temperature relationship of most thermocouples is__________?**

14 / 50

**Transfer function of transportation lag is_____?**

15 / 50

**Water is flowing through a series of four tanks and getting heated as shown in figure. It is desired to design a cascade control scheme for controlling the temperature of water leaving the tank 4 as there is a disturbance in the temperature of a second stream entering the tank 2. Select the best place to take the secondary measurement for the second loop?**

16 / 50

**The open loop transfer function of a control system is KR/(1 + TS). This represents _______?**

17 / 50

**The time constant of a first order process with resistance R and capacitance C is___________?**

18 / 50

**What is the dynamic error in a critically damped second order instrument for a ramp input (At) ?**

19 / 50

**To increase the speed of response of a pressure spring liquid or gas expansion thermometer, the clearance space between the thermometer bulb and the thermal well should not be filled with _________?**

20 / 50

**Use of I-control along with P-control facilitates ?**

21 / 50

**Thermistors which have a very high temperature co-efficient of resistivity belong to the class of solid called_________?**

22 / 50

**The transfer function for a P-D controller is_________?**

23 / 50

**The term analogous to the electrical current in a thermal system is the__________?**

24 / 50

**Water is entering a storage tank at a temperature T0 and flow rate Q0 and leaving at a flow rate Q and temperature T. There are negligible heat losses in the tank. The area of cross-section of the tank is A0. The model that describes the dynamic variation of temperature of water in the tank with time is given as_________?**

25 / 50

**Vapour actuated pressure spring thermometer does not require ambient temperature compensation. Ambient temperature compensation is provided in gas or liquid expansion pressure spring thermometer by___________?**

26 / 50

**Thermal conductivity based continuous flue gas analyser makes use of varying thermal conductivity of the constituents of flue gases. Which of the following constituents of flue gases has the maximum thermal conductivity ?**

27 / 50

**The transfer function for a PID controller is (where, ? i is the integral (reset) time and ?D is the derivative time.) ?**

28 / 50

**The time taken for a radioactive element to reduce to 50% of its original weight is ______ years, if its half life period is 12 years?**

29 / 50

**The temperature of tempering oil baths maintained at 400?C during heat treatment of steel is measured by a/an ______ thermocouple?**

30 / 50

**Thermal conductivity measurement com-prises the working principle of a__________?**

31 / 50

**Thermistors are made of___________?**

32 / 50

**Very low pressure is expressed in microns (?), which is equal to _____ mm of Hg column (absolute) at 0?C?**

33 / 50

**Volumetric expansion is the working principle of the _______ thermometers?**

34 / 50

**Thermistors are used in _____ devices?**

35 / 50

**Thermocouple in a thermal well behaves as a true _________?**

36 / 50

**Thermal wells used in temperature measurements should have ___________?**

37 / 50

**Thermal wells are used in the temperature measurement to______?**

38 / 50

**Turbine flow meters are suitable for__________?**

39 / 50

**The pressure sensing element of elastic type pressure gauge is never made in the form of a__________?**

40 / 50

**The term analogous to voltage in a single tank system is the________?**

41 / 50

**The root locus plot of the roots of the characteristics equation of a closed loop system having the open loop transfer function K (s + 1)/[2 (2s + 1) (3s + 1)] will have a definite number of loci for variation of K from 0 to ?. The number of loci is________?**

42 / 50

**The operation of a Rotameter is based on _________?**

43 / 50

**The unit of ?time constant? of a system is the same as that of_____?**

44 / 50

**The time constant of a unity gain, first order plus time delay process is 5 min. If the phase lag at a frequency of 0.2 rad/min is 60?, then the dead time (in minutes) is_________?**

45 / 50

**The response of two tanks of same size and resistance in series is ___________?**

46 / 50

**The unit step response of the transfer function 1/(s2 + 2s + 3) _________?**

47 / 50

**The open loop transfer function of a process is K [{(s + 1) (s + 4)}/{(s + 2) (s + 3)}]. In the root locus diagram, the poles will be at _____?**

48 / 50

**The transfer function of a second order system is _______?**

49 / 50

**Thermal conductivity cell is the primary element of a/an ______ analyser?**

50 / 50

**Thermodynamic Celsius scale of temperature measurement is_________?**

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